Spanish Speaking Countries in Europe

29 Spanish Speaking Countries in Europe

Spanish ranks as the fourth most widely spoken language across the globe, a testament to its immense influence and reach. By attaining mastery over Spanish, you open doors to connect with a vast array of individuals, spanning various cultures and backgrounds. This linguistic proficiency not only enhances personal interactions but also offers numerous professional advantages.

Within the European context, there exists a solitary Spanish-speaking country: Spain itself. Nevertheless, it’s noteworthy that Spanish speakers can be encountered in other European nations where Spanish isn’t the native language. This dispersion of Spanish usage reflects its universality and its resonance beyond national boundaries.

Spanish stands as an emblem of a global language, transcending geopolitical boundaries and serving as a bridge that fosters meaningful communication and understanding among people. Whether you engage in conversations, delve into literature, or navigate the realms of international business, the ability to speak, read, or comprehend Spanish empowers you with a valuable edge. This linguistic prowess not only enriches your personal experiences but also amplifies your professional prospects, positioning you favorably in an interconnected world.

countries in europe that speak spanish


What European Countries Speak Spanish?

Nonetheless, this map depicting Europe in Spanish exclusively pertains to the European Union. However, the scope extends beyond this representation, as Spanish speakers are dispersed throughout various corners of Europe.

Continue reading to delve into further intricate particulars:

No.Name of the countryCapitalSpanish speakers in totalProficiency
18United KingdomLondon4,294,0001.6%
28Czech RepublicPrague26,8960.25%


1. Spain

Spanning cultural diversity, Spain boasts a unique linguistic landscape with five official languages: Aranese, Catalan, Galician, Basque, and Castilian. Although Castilian, commonly known as Spanish, has only 2,800 native speakers, it resonates as the most prevalent language, enveloping nearly 94% of the population as their first or second language.


2. Andorra

Nestled within the Pyrenees, Andorra embraces Catalan as its official language while fostering multilingualism. Spanish, French, and Portuguese find common ground here, facilitating communication. Among the Andorran populace, Spanish prevails, with a considerable 35.4% of residents conversing fluently.

3. France

France’s vibrant tapestry, woven from a populace of approximately 67 million, sees a fascinating pattern with around 9.06% of its individuals being native Spanish speakers. Amidst the charm of cities like Paris and the allure of the French countryside, the Spanish-speaking minority adds a vibrant hue to the national canvas.

4. Portugal

With a population nearing 10.28 million, Portugal reveals an unexpected thread – approximately 6.98% of its people embrace Spanish as their primary language. Amidst the sun-soaked beaches of the Algarve and the historic streets of Lisbon, this linguistic diversity enriches the Portuguese experience.

5. Italy

Italy’s timeless beauty is mirrored in its population of approximately 59 million, where approximately 6.56% of its citizens proudly claim Spanish as their native tongue. From the ancient ruins of Rome to the romantic canals of Venice, the harmonious coexistence of Spanish contributes to the symphony of languages.


6. Sweden

Sweden, with a population reaching 10,549,347, unfolds a linguistic surprise as about 4.78% of its inhabitants fluently speak Spanish. This linguistic blend adds a touch of warmth to the Nordic landscapes and further connects Sweden to the global community.

7. Ireland

The emerald landscapes of Ireland, home to around 5 million souls, witness the presence of about 3.65% native Spanish speakers. Amidst the cozy pubs and breathtaking vistas, this linguistic minority sparks connections and bridges cultures in unexpected ways.

8. Denmark

Denmark’s population, approximately 5.8 million strong, includes a notable 3.29% who converse in Spanish as their primary language. Amidst the charming streets of Copenhagen and the coastal wonders, the Spanish-speaking community contributes to the cosmopolitan fabric.

9. Netherlands

With over 17 million inhabitants, the Netherlands showcases a nuanced composition as 3.24% of its populace chooses Spanish as their preferred means of expression. Amidst tulip fields and historic canals, this linguistic tapestry adds a layer of cultural depth.

10. Belgium

In the heart of Europe, Belgium’s 11.59 million inhabitants include a significant 3.19% who call Spanish their native tongue. Amidst the medieval towns and vibrant cities, the Spanish-speaking community weaves diversity into the Belgian narrative.


11. Romania

Within Romania’s population of 19.66 million, a captivating presence emerges – approximately 2.54% converse fluently in Spanish. This linguistic connection to Iberian heritage resonates within the picturesque landscapes and charming towns.

12. Germany

Germany’s cultural mosaic, crafted from a populace exceeding 84 million, includes a distinct thread – around 2.5% are native Spanish speakers. Amidst the modern cities and historic landmarks, this linguistic fusion echoes in the diverse voices of the nation.

13. Austria

With an enchanting backdrop, Austria’s nearly 9 million inhabitants include around 2.45% who communicate effortlessly in Spanish. Amidst Alpine splendor and imperial architecture, this linguistic connection bridges cultures and creates a harmonious resonance.

14. Luxembourg

Luxembourg’s intimate setting of approximately 645,000 individuals holds a remarkable 2.43% native Spanish speakers. Within this cosmopolitan blend, the Spanish-speaking community shapes the cultural mosaic of the nation.

15. Finland

Finland’s population of approximately 5.54 million boasts a surprising 2.39% of native Spanish speakers. Amidst lakes and forests, this linguistic presence adds an unexpected dimension to the Finnish narrative.


16. Slovenia

Slovenia’s idyllic landscape, home to around 2.08 million, welcomes around 2.25% Spanish speakers. Among the Julian Alps and Adriatic shores, this linguistic convergence enhances the nation’s rich tapestry.

17. Croatia

Within Croatia’s population of 4,042,099, a small yet vibrant Spanish-speaking community of 67,100 emerges, representing 1.67% of the country’s inhabitants. Along the stunning coastline and historic cities, this linguistic bridge connects cultures.

18. United Kingdom

Within the United Kingdom’s 4,294,000 inhabitants, a distinct presence of Spanish speakers, comprising 1.6%, contributes to the eclectic cultural blend. Amidst historic landmarks and bustling cities, this linguistic influence enriches the British narrative.

19. Bulgaria

Bulgaria’s 7 million residents encompass a modest 1.28% who call Spanish their native language. Amidst the scenic landscapes and historic treasures, this linguistic connection adds to the country’s cultural diversity.

20. Cyprus

With a population of 1,230 million, Cyprus presents a unique facet – a mere 1% converse in Spanish. Amidst stunning Mediterranean vistas, this linguistic presence adds a touch of international flavor.


21. Latvia

Latvia’s population of approximately 1.9 million includes around 0.98% native Spanish speakers. Amidst Baltic charm and historic cities, this linguistic minority contributes to the cultural resonance.

22. Greece

Greece’s population of 10.3 million boasts around 0.88% native Spanish speakers. Amidst ancient ruins and turquoise waters, this linguistic connection adds to Greece’s global appeal.

23. Lithuania

Within Lithuania’s population of almost 2.7 million, around 0.76% embrace Spanish as their primary language. Amidst Baltic beauty and historic towns, this linguistic presence resonates.

24. Malta

Malta’s 444,476 residents include a modest 0.73% who communicate in Spanish. Amidst historic sites and Mediterranean allure, this linguistic thread weaves into the Maltese experience.

25. Poland

Poland’s population of almost 38 million reveals a small yet significant 0.68% who converse in Spanish. Amidst historic cities and natural wonders, this linguistic presence enriches the Polish narrative.


26. Hungary

Hungary’s population of 9.6 million embraces a diverse range of languages, including a notable 0.55% Spanish speakers. Amidst historic architecture and cultural treasures, this linguistic presence enhances Hungary’s cosmopolitan character.

27. Slovakia

Slovakia, with a population of 5.466 million, showcases a 0.41% Spanish-speaking community. Amidst charming towns and natural beauty, this linguistic diversity enriches the Slovakian tapestry.

28. Estonia

Estonia’s population of approximately 1.328 million includes around 0.35% Spanish speakers. Amidst Baltic shores and medieval towns, this linguistic connection adds a unique layer to the Estonian identity.

29. Czech Republic

The Czech Republic’s population of about 10.76 million resonates with a 0.25% Spanish-speaking community. Amidst historic cities and picturesque landscapes, this linguistic influence contributes to the Czech.

How Many European Countries Use Spanish?

European Countries Use Spanish

Spanish, a language of rich cultural heritage and global significance, holds its prominent position in modern times across the lands of Spain, Portugal, and Andorra. The Iberian Peninsula resonates with the melodious tones of Spanish, fostering a deep sense of connection among its diverse populations. Additionally, the enchanting echoes of Spanish can be heard reverberating through the charming streets and alleys of Andorra, where it intertwines with the tapestry of the nation’s identity. Notably, the British territory of Gibraltar also contributes to the mosaic of Spanish speakers, reflecting the linguistic diversity that can emerge even within seemingly distinct regions.

Beyond these renowned strongholds, the Language Knowledge study unveils a captivating panorama of Spanish diffusion throughout Europe. A remarkable tapestry of communication unfolds across an additional 24 European countries, where Spanish serves as a bridge between cultures, facilitating interactions and forging bonds. From the bustling markets of Italy to the serene landscapes of Scandinavia, the echoes of Spanish words create avenues for cross-cultural understanding, enrichment, and collaboration. This linguistic interweaving not only facilitates practical communication but also fosters an appreciation for the nuances of language, underscoring the enduring impact of Spanish across the European continent.

How Many Spanish Speaking Countries Are There in the World?

The global surge in Spanish speakers is evident, spanning continents from Africa’s Spanish-speaking regions to Asia’s. Ethnologue, a comprehensive linguistic resource, presents an extensive catalog of Spanish-speaking locales, thoughtfully arranged in alphabetical order.

  1. Algeria;
  2. Andorra;
  3. Argentina;
  4. Aruba;
  5. Australia;
  6. Austria;
  7. Belgium;
  8. Belize;
  9. Bolivia;
  10. Brazil;
  11. British Virgin Islands;
  12. Bulgaria;
  13. Canada;
  14. Caribbean Netherlands;
  15. Cayman Islands;
  16. Chile;
  17. China;
  18. Colombia;
  19. Costa Rica;
  20. Côte d’Ivoire;
  21. Cuba;
  22. Curacao;
  23. Cyprus;
  24. Czechia;
  25. Denmark;
  26. Dominican Republic;
  27. Ecuador;
  28. El Salvador;
  29. Equatorial Guinea;
  30. Finland;
  31. France;
  32. Germany;
  33. Gibraltar;
  34. Guam;
  35. Guatemala;
  36. Guinea-Bissau;
  37. Honduras;
  38. Ireland;
  39. Israel;
  40. Italy;
  41. Jamaica;
  42. Japan;
  43. Lebanon;
  44. Luxembourg;
  45. Malta;
  46. Mexico;
  47. Morocco;
  48. Netherlands;
  49. New Zealand;
  50. Nicaragua;
  51. Norway;
  52. Panama;
  53. Paraguay;
  54. Peru;
  55. Philippines;
  56. Poland;
  57. Portugal;
  58. Puerto Rico;
  59. Romania;
  60. Russian Federation;
  61. Sint Maarten;
  62. Suriname;
  63. Sweden;
  64. Switzerland;
  65. Trinidad and Tobago;
  66. Turkey;
  67. Turks and Caicos Islands;
  68. U.S. Virgin Islands;
  69. United Kingdom;
  70. United States;
  71. Uruguay;
  72. Venezuela;
  73. Western Sahara.

Which Country Boasts the Most Spanish Speakers?

Among the multitude of Spanish-speaking nations, Mexico (Romero) claims the title of the largest in terms of native speakers. A staggering 124.85 million individuals in Mexico exhibited a natural command of the language. Taking second place on this linguistic leaderboard is Colombia, with an impressive 50.6 million native Spanish speakers. Not far behind, Argentina secures the third spot, with a substantial population of nearly 45 million individuals who proudly communicate in their native Spanish tongue.

How Many Nations Declare Spanish as Their Official Language?

Nations Declare Spanish as Their Official Language

A cohesive assembly of 21 nations firmly establishes Spanish as their official language. From Spain to Equatorial Guinea, these countries span continents and cultures, united by the linguistic bond they share. This linguistic embrace encompasses the vibrant tapestry of Latin American nations like Mexico, Costa Rica, and Colombia, where Spanish serves as a cornerstone of cultural identity and expression. The linguistic mosaic extends to the Caribbean, encompassing Puerto Rico’s distinct language usage, a testament to its historical and cultural intricacies.

Among these nations, Puerto Rico stands as an intriguing exception. Although not an independent entity, it stands apart due to its distinctive linguistic identity. This exemplifies the dynamic interplay between language and culture, showcasing the far-reaching influence of Spanish in shaping diverse societies. From the rhythmic cadences of the Caribbean to the majestic landscapes of South America, this collective of Spanish-speaking nations forms a bridge that transcends borders and connects people through the universal language of communication.

What Is the Global Population of Spanish Speakers?

Based on a recent investigation conducted by the Instituto Cervantes (Fernández), approximately 493 million individuals across the globe communicate primarily in Spanish. This staggering figure positions Spanish as the second most prevalent language worldwide in terms of native speakers, trailing only Mandarin Chinese in terms of sheer numbers.

What Country Speaks The Best Spanish?

When considering the Spanish-speaking countries in Europe, it’s important to recognize that determining the “best” Spanish is subjective. Among various opinions, Colombian Spanish often garners acclaim for its perceived linguistic excellence, attributed to its notably “neutral” accent. Interestingly, some liken the Colombian accent to that of Mexico.

The evolution of Spanish has been influenced by intersections with English, notably in regions like Puerto Rico and Belize where both languages coexist. The influx of English terms, spurred by Mexico’s proximity to the United States and the influx of North American tourists, has led some to regard Colombian Spanish as a “pure” form. In contrast to other Spanish-speaking nations, Colombian Spanish has managed to retain a distinct identity with minimal influence from external dialects.

Meanwhile, Spanish spoken in Spain maintains its own distinct character. While it may sound unfamiliar to certain Latin Americans, it’s important to acknowledge that Spain is the birthplace of the Spanish language. As such, some argue that Spaniards hold the standard for linguistic correctness, underscoring the intricate tapestry of linguistic variations and their origins within the Spanish-speaking world.

Which European Nation Solely Speaks Spanish?

Among the European countries, only one proudly designates Spanish as its official language, which might be unexpected. That nation is none other than Spain itself. While various linguistic variants exist within its borders, such as Galician, Basque, and Valencian, the modern iteration of Castilian Spanish, hailing from regions like Castile, Madrid, and Salamanca, prevails as the predominant language, especially in the central and northern parts of the country. This Castilian Spanish is widely acknowledged as the standard form and is the preferred dialect taught in educational institutions.

Spanish Speaking Countries

Is Portugal a Spanish Speaking Country?

In concise terms, no, Portuguese is not spoken in Portugal; rather, it’s the predominant language. However, Spanish is used by approximately 7% of the Portuguese population, ranking as the third most widely spoken foreign language within the country. Both languages, belonging to the Romance language family, originated from the Iberian Peninsula, which accounts for their notable structural resemblances, particularly in written form. Reading comprehension between the two is generally quite fluid for speakers of either language.

Nevertheless, nuances arise in phonology, as the pronunciation diverges more than anticipated. This intricacy becomes apparent, leading to the observation that Portuguese speakers often grasp spoken Spanish more readily than Spanish speakers do with spoken Portuguese. The interplay of these linguistic cousins is a testament to their intertwined histories and the remarkable linguistic affinity they share.


In the intricate tapestry of global communication, the Spanish language stands as a vibrant thread, weaving its way through cultures, continents, and centuries. From its origins on the Iberian Peninsula to its widespread influence across the Americas, Europe, and beyond, Spanish emerges as a testament to human connection and resilience. As we traverse the linguistic landscape, we discover not only the words themselves but the stories, emotions, and aspirations they carry. From the eloquent verses of Spanish literature to the lively rhythms of Latin music, the language resonates with a vitality that transcends borders. Whether embarking on a journey of language learning, delving into the realms of art and literature, or forging connections across cultures, the study of Spanish enriches our lives in ways both profound and enduring. As we embrace the eloquence of “el idioma español,” we partake in a global symphony of voices, united by the power of language and the unending pursuit of understanding.


  1. Is Spanish the most widely spoken language in the world?
    • No, Spanish ranks as the second most widely spoken language by native speakers, with Mandarin Chinese taking the lead.
  2. Are there variations of Spanish spoken in different Spanish-speaking countries?
    • Yes, there are various regional dialects and accents across different Spanish-speaking nations, contributing to the rich linguistic tapestry of the language.
  3. What role did Spain play in the spread of the Spanish language?
    • Spain’s historical colonial influence led to the dissemination of Spanish to many parts of the Americas, contributing significantly to the global reach of the language.
  4. How do Spanish and Portuguese differ from each other?
    • While both languages share similarities due to their common roots, they have distinct phonological, grammatical, and vocabulary differences that make them separate languages.
  5. What is the significance of the Real Academia Española (Royal Spanish Academy)?
    • The Real Academia Española is a prestigious institution that oversees the standardization of the Spanish language, including grammar, vocabulary, and usage.
  6. Are there any initiatives to promote Spanish language learning worldwide?
    • Yes, organizations like Instituto Cervantes and various Spanish language courses and certifications aim to facilitate Spanish language learning on a global scale.
  7. How has technology impacted the learning and usage of Spanish?
    • The digital age has made it easier to learn and practice Spanish through online courses, language apps, and interactive platforms, connecting learners across the globe.
  8. What is “Spanglish,” and how does it relate to Spanish?
    • Spanglish refers to a blend of Spanish and English commonly used in bilingual communities. It highlights the dynamic and evolving nature of language.
  9. What is the importance of cultural immersion in language learning?
    • Immersing oneself in the culture of Spanish-speaking countries can greatly enhance language learning by providing real-life context and exposure to colloquial expressions.
  10. How does the Spanish language influence literature and arts worldwide?
    • Spanish literature and arts have made significant global contributions, with renowned authors like Gabriel García Márquez and artists like Pablo Picasso leaving a lasting impact.
  11. What is the role of telenovelas and Spanish-language media in promoting the language?
    • Telenovelas and Spanish-language media play a vital role in promoting Spanish by showcasing the language’s diversity and cultural relevance to a wide audience.
  12. What opportunities are there for careers involving Spanish language skills?
    • Spanish language skills can open doors in various fields, such as translation, international business, diplomacy, tourism, and education, among others.
  13. How does the Spanish language reflect the history and indigenous influences of Latin America?
    • Spanish in Latin America has been shaped by indigenous languages, resulting in unique vocabulary and linguistic characteristics that reflect the region’s cultural heritage.
  14. What are some popular Spanish idioms and their meanings?
    • Idioms like “dar en el clavo” (hit the nail on the head) and “estar en las nubes” (to be in the clouds) add color and depth to the Spanish language, often requiring cultural context for full understanding.
  15. What are some challenges faced by non-native speakers when learning Spanish?
    • Non-native speakers might encounter challenges related to pronunciation, grammar nuances, and adapting to different accents and regional variations.

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James L. Chatman

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